Being particular about the skin tone and pigment is a universal human habit- we all want to look best in our natural skin shade, and there is no denying the fact! So how brilliantly do you understand the concept of hyperpigmentation? Do you know how it happens and what are the most potent characteristics of this phenomenon?
Hyperpigmentation- concept and facts:
The darkening of the skin (in general or one particular area) that is caused due to the overproduction of pigment in the skin is called hyperpigmentation. The overproduction of pigment is generally regarded as melanin and is harmless in nature. Though for the obvious cosmetic reasons, it is something that can be easily treated and avoided.
What are the reasons of hyperpigmentation?
There are two reasons for having skin hyperpigmentation:
1. Abnormal production of melanin that is a bit of the high concentration of melanocytes.
2. The hyperactive nature of melanocytes.
3. Exposure of sun that stimulates the activeness of melanin.
Hyperpigmentation has an overall effect as it can hit any part of human body, boosting the performance of melanin. The following are most common types of hyperpigmentation:
1. Single freckle or lentigo.
2. Multiple freckles or lentigenes.
3. Sun spots causing solar lentigenes.
4. Pregnancy mask or commonly known as melasma.
Common causes of Hyperpigmentation:
Several reasons can eventually affect the color of your skin, and some of them are:
• The overexposure of skin to the sunlight.
• Genetic causes like heredity.
• Scratching of picking skin too often.
• Hormonal imbalance.
• Side effects of medicines like antibiotics and anti-seizure drugs.
• Skin inflammation diseases or allergies like hives.
Quick tips to avoid hyperpigmentation:
1. Skin care is an important concern. Care for your skin with the help of a sunscreen lotion (something that has 30 SPF factor) and use it along with a skinlightening cream.
2. Too much of skin exfoliation could be harsh for the tenderness of your skin so keep it a point to maintain a balance. Use natural ingredients to exfoliate your skin.
3. People having dry skin should practice exfoliation at least thrice in a week’s time. It will help them to remove the accumulated dead skin
surface, at the same time; will minimize the effect of hyperpigmentation.
4. Customizing skin care regimen for yourself is imperative. Figure out the natural ingredients and skin products that suit your skin type. Stick to organic products!
Hyperpigmentation Treatment- Cost and Conditions:
The typical hyperpigmentation treatment can cost you anything in between $5 to $30 per sitting with the doctor, only if you have medical insurance. In case you don’t have a health insurance, it might cost you $50 to $200 or more. The treatment starts with hydroquinone that sets the initial mark to control melanin production. With prescribed medicines and skinlightening creams, one can easily achieve lighter shades during the initial days. Hydroquinone might cost anything in between $50 to $200. Hyperpigmentation treatment includes practices like skin peeling, microdermabrasion, dermatology, etc.